The fourth class of the program “Training of Political Leaders” has chosen Simeon the Great for its own name. It was chosen as the first and main proposal after an almost one-hour emotional discussion.
The other ideas for choosing a class patron were also interesting: Vasil Levski, Vasil Aprilov, Aleko Konstantinov, John Atanasov, and Zahari Stoyanov. Consensus-building and the acceptance of a class name, was a dynamic combination of arguments, methods of persuasive speaking and manipulation. The participants in the Simeon the Great class united around the thesis that only with the knowledge of the magnificence of the history and our ancestors we can confidently and successfully write its new pages. The program “Training of Political Leaders” unites the knowledge and experience of the best teachers and practitioners in Bulgaria. The program is divided into 5 sessions, each with a duration of 1 week. The course lasts 320 hours. The first three classes at the Institute of Politics have chosen Paisii Hilendarski, Konstantin Preslavski and Pencho Slaveikov for their names.
Tsar Simeon the Great
Tsar Simeon I the Great is a Bulgarian ruler (tsar), who ruled the First Bulgarian State from 893 to 927. Tsar Simeon’s successful wars led up to the Bulgaria’s largest territorial expansion throughout its history and had turned it into the strongest state of Eastern Europe at that time. His reign is also a period of cultural prosperity, later called the Golden Age of the Bulgarian Culture. Under the reign of Tsar Simeon I, Medieval Bulgaria became a literary and spiritual center of Slavonic Europe. In this respect Simeon the Great continues his father’s policy of strengthening and spreading Slavonic culture and attracting scientists and writers to the country. The literary work and activities were concentrated in the Preslav and Ohrid Literary Schools during the rule of Simeon I which were founded at the reign of Tsar Boris I, when the new alphabet – the Cyrillic alphabet was created there and is used by more than 300,000,000 people nowadays. Simeon transforms the new Bulgarian capital Preslav into a magnificent religious and cultural center designed to demonstrate the prosperity of the realm and for a ruler’s residence rather than a military fortress. With its more than twenty cross-dome churches and numerous monasteries, its impressive royal palace and the Golden (Round) church, Preslav is a real imperial capital. The level of the iconic and fine arts of the epoch is visible from the Preslav style illustrated ceramics, which sample is the famous icon of Theodore Stratilat.
How great is and why is Simeon the Great great?
The authority of the Medieval, the Renaissance and modern authors has unanimously chosen Tsar Simeon I for a kind of an icon of the Bulgarian history.
He is an Icon – yes, but this icon is neither the most vivid one (as Levski) nor the most glorious (as khan Asparuh), nor the most dramatic (like Tsar Samuil), nor the most “inherent Bulgarian” (like St. John Rilski).
Unanimously – yes, we all agree because he achieves the ideal of the image of the Bulgarian statehood.
For his contemporaries, Tsar Simeon is first of all a builder, a “book-lover” and not only a generous patron, but also the soul of that spectacular cultural program, later called the “Golden Age”. Briefly, in our memory, Simeon was associated with what we call prosperity today, and the glory and brilliance were the main characteristics of his epoch, the “Golden Age” of Tsar Simeon the Great. From now on, do not ask yourself “Why am I a Bulgarian?” Just say, “I will do it, because I am a Bulgarian. We are not afraid for we do the things. “And then the day will be bright and we will bring that piece of light back into our souls. Then we will not avoid the problems, but we will face them. Because we are Bulgarians. Because we have been doing this for over 1300 years.